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Reproductive skills

Providing a home for wildlife is a great responsibility and requires an environment that encourages the natural reproduction of the species to ensure not only their wellbeing but also the conservation of their species in the wild. 

Sadly, more and more wild species are being listed on the IUCN (International Union for Conservation of Nature) red list.  Ensuring that they are cared for and bred in zoological settings with adequate facilities and qualified staff is essential for the conservation of biodiversity. This is called ex-situ conservation.  See page on EEPs.

These ex situ conservation activities have several objectives: conservation breeding, development of wild populations, introduction into the wild, creation of gene banks, applied conservation research, etc.

In the world of aquariums, Marineland is a world leader in the natural reproduction of grey sharks, with more than 20 years of experience and some 200 pups born here that have populated other aquariums in France and around the world.  

Our facility is also the first animal zoo to have successfully completed the life cycle of the loggerhead turtle.  Indeed, several baby turtles have been born thanks to the special attention of the aquarium team.  A real achievement.  The data gathered from these young turtles from their first day of life have filled a scientific void with respect to their first years of life, which have been little studied until now. Thanks to these births, many essential research programmes are being conducted in conjunction with the RTMMF and the MNHN.

With their unique expertise and a network of aquarium professionals in France and around the world, the team of aquarists has created a Bioresource Centre where species such as blue spotted rays, corals and several species of tropical fish (Aeoliscus strigatus, Gramma dejongi, Pseudanthias squamipinnis) can reproduce. Many of the fish from this Bioresource Centre go on to populate other aquariums so that they do not have to be taken from the wild. 

These breeding skills are also present in the teams dedicated to cetaceans and pinnipeds such as killer whales, bottlenose dolphins, sea lions, seals, etc.

The reproduction of all these species is possible thanks to the constant improvement of the facilities, practical training and breeding techniques discussed amongst the network of experts from different European zoological parks.  

Cognitive and behavioral research

Marineland is actively involved in research on environmental behavior, anatomy, feeding habits, reproduction of species, etc. In the latest edition of the IUCN World Red List (version 2021.3), of the 142,500 species studied, 40,000 are classified as endangered. With species disappearing at a steady pace, understanding how animals interact with each other and with their environment, and improving scientific knowledge are essential in today's world.

Each year, Marineland welcomes scientists (ethologists, nutrition specialists, animal welfare specialists, etc.), students and researchers from numerous French and European research organisations. The zoo Marineland Côte d’Azur gives them access to privileged data and information on species that are sometimes very difficult to study in the wild. Recently, the focus has been on cognitive skills. Marineland is, amongst other things, taking part in two scientific research programmes in cooperation with the Universities of Madrid, Santiago de Chile and San Antonio, on killer whales' ability to create new behaviours and learn by imitation. These skills could be at the origin of the different hunting techniques developed by their counterparts in the wild. The intensification of human activities in the oceans causes disturbances to the animals (noise, accidental capture and injury due to fishing, habitat degradation, etc.); such studies within the zoo make it possible to evaluate the adaptive capacities of these unusual cetaceans and thus guide research in the wild. In partnership with numerous associations and scientific organisations, Marineland has conducted research on cetaceans in the Mediterranean for several years, including dolphin feeding, census and movement of cetaceans in relation to environmental settings, acoustic monitoring of cetaceans, etc.  

Veterinary and essential research

A main goal of zoos and animal parks = To develop knowledge about species in order to better understand them and to better protect them in their natural environment, the seas and oceans.  Modern zoos like Marineland play an important role in the preservation of marine biodiversity. Importance of human skills and veterinary laboratory: radiology, ultrasound, care equipment, medical analysis equipment, etc.

French (CNRS, IFREMER, MNHN, universities, etc.) and international researchers and students regularly call on Marineland for their research projects, which help to advance science....

Study examples: 

Genetic research 

Population genetics research is important for maintaining the genetic variability of zoo populations over time and their ability to adapt to their environment.

Research in veterinary science 
Marineland conducts research in veterinary science, particularly in the fields of nutrition, pathology and epidemiology.

Paleontology with Ddider Seon?

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