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Scientific name:  Anser anser
Class:  Birds
Continent:  All
Habitat:   Everywhere and mainly in humid environments
Diet:  Herbivorous
Weight:  3 - 6 kg
Size:  74 - 91 cm

Most geese in Europe were first bred by the Egyptians.

It was the Romans who introduced them throughout their empire. The sizes and the plumage vary enormously according to the breeds. They are animals that live in groups but the males protect their territory from other males during the mating season. Geese lay between 3 and 12 eggs which they incubate for 28 days. The first flight occurs after 8 weeks and they can live 20 years. They are mostly vegetarian, eating mostly grass, grains or seeds. Man eats their flesh and eggs and uses their feathers and down (eiderdowns, pillows, duvets...).

Extinct in the wild
Critically endangered
Near threatened
Least concern
Insufficient data
Not evaluated


Most European domestic goose breeds were first bred by the Egyptians at least 5000 years ago and introduced by the Romans throughout their empire.