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Southern Alpine Sheep

Scientific name:  Ovis aries
Class:  Mammals
Continent:  Europe
Habitat:   Mountain plateaus and countryside
Diet:  Herbivorous
Weight:  50 - 100 kg
Size:  39 - 42 cm

This sheep is of course native to the southern part of the Alps :-)

There are 6 wild species left in addition to the domestic breeds even today. They are ruminant herbivores that feed on grass, hay and seeds and live between 12 and 14 years. The ewe can give birth to 1 or 2 young after a gestation of 5 months and she nurses them for 6 weeks. Sheep are raised for their meat, their milk (which is made into butter and cheese), their hair (wool) and their skin (leather). The main sheep farms are found in Australia, New Zealand, Patagonia (southern South America), China, India and the United Kingdom. The Rouge du Roussillon breed comes from a North African breed. It was bred in the south of France for its meat but nearly disappeared until a rescue plan was put in place in the early 1980s. The Préalpes du Sud breed originated as its name suggests from the South of the Alps and is the second most common breed in the south-east of France.

Extinct in the wild
Critically endangered
Near threatened
Least concern
Insufficient data
Not evaluated


The Southern Alpine is a ewe that adapts very well to the heat and provides fleeces (wool) of 1 to 1.5 kg.