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Scientific name:  Lama glama
Class:  Mammals
Continent:  South America
Habitat:  Mountains
Diet:  Herbivorous
Weight:  130 - 200 kg
Size:  1.7 - 1.8 m

It spits to defend itself, but usually at its fellow llamas.

The llama is a ruminant that feeds on grass, lichen and shrubs. They live in harems with one male for every six females and the young. Females have one calf per year after a gestation period of 11 months. They nurse him for 3 to 5 months and their longevity is 10 to 20 years. One of the particularities of the lama is its habit of spitting to express its displeasure or to defend itself. It is mainly the fact of the males who compete for the females.

Extinct in the wild
Critically endangered
Near threatened
Least concern
Insufficient data
Not evaluated


There are 4 camelids (same family as camels and dromedaries) in South America, they are the Llama and the Alpaca, which are domestic, and the Guanaco and the Vicuña, which are wild.