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Guinea Pig

Scientific name:  Cavia porcellus
Class:  Mammals
Continent:  All
Habitat:  Mountains
Diet:  Herbivorous
Weight:  0.5 - 1.7 kg
Size:  11 - 50 cm

This herbivorous mammal is native to the Andes ;-)

Like all rodents (rat, mouse, hamster, beaver, squirrel, etc.), guinea pigs have constantly growing incisors that they must wear down by gnawing on hard food. They live in groups. After 2 months of gestation, the females (which can have 5 litters per year) give birth to 1 to 6 young who are nursed for 3 weeks. Their longevity is 4 to 8 years. They feed on wood, grass, hay, fruits and vegetables and are kept for their meat or as pets.

Extinct in the wild
Critically endangered
Near threatened
Least concern
Insufficient data
Not evaluated


Guinea pigs are native to the Andes Mountains. In French, they are called "Cochon d'Inde" (Indian pig), the "pig" because of their squeaky sound and "Indian" because the explorers who discovered America thought they were in the Indies.