The humphead wrasse is the largest species of wrasse. It has large scales that can reach up to 10 cm in diameter. As an adult, it is much larger than the other inhabitants of the reef. Both the shape of their bodies and their coloring change over the course of their lives.
Biology and ecology
They can be found on the outer slopes of coral reefs close to lagoon channels and areas with strong currents. When young, they are found in the calm, shallow parts of lagoons.
Since 2014, the humphead wrasse has been listed in Appendix II of CITES (Convention on International Trade in Endangered Species of Wild Fauna and Flora). A certificate is required in order to regulate its trade, proving that it will not undermine the survival of the species in the wild.