Sea lion

Sea Lions

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Animals that are as agile on land as in the water:
They can race with a man on land... and dive to a depth of 100 metres to feed on octopus and fish.
Your Marineland  ticket allows you to attend this attraction from the time the park opens until closing time.
There are several species living in Marineland:
South American sea lions (Otaria flavescens from South America), California sea lions (Zalophus californianus wollebaecki  from North America), and South African or Cape fur seals (Arctocephalus pusillus pusillus from South Africa).

Similarities and Particularities
These animals with flippers all share many common features.
They are rather noisy, being very vocal within the colony: roaring, barking, bellowing and grunting, while the younger animals bleat a great deal.

Vicious fighting is very frequent: males fight among each other when competing to mate, but they can also turn on recalcitrant females, or kill pups when frustrated.

Biting is part of the communication system of sea lions. In the wild, sea lions are dangerous animals that should never be annoyed or taken by surprise.

Sea lions display the peculiar behaviour of swallowing stones (up to 11 kg of gravel have been found in the stomach of a South American sea lion!). It is assumed that the purpose is either to serve as ballast for diving, or to facilitate digestion.

Colonies settle on shingle beaches, at the foot of cliffs or on rocky shores for the mating season. Females give birth on land, but hunt exclusively at sea.

Pups gradually learn to become familiar with water before going out to sea. Californian sea lions suckle for 6 to 12 months, Cape fur seals 9 to 11 months, and South American sea lions 1 to 2 years.

The life span of sea lions ranges from 20 to 30 years according to the species.
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The Steller Sea Lion
The Steller sea lion is the largest species of sea lion in the world:
it dominates the 14 species of sea lions, males being 3 m long and weighing one metric ton, while females are 2.20 m and weigh 270 kg.

This species of sea lion inhabits the whole of the North Pacific, from the Californian and Alaskan coastlines to the Japanese coastline. It lives in 4 types of habitat according to the period of the year. Cubs are born on the rocks in summertime.
An endangered species :
At the beginning of the 20th century, the Steller sea lion was massively slaughtered (55,000 animals killed) in order to protect fishing resources - so much so that by the mid-20th century, on a rock colony where 1,200 births would usually take place, these had fallen to 10.

From 1970, the Steller sea lion was classed as an endangered species, and is thus protected on the North American continent.

According to the latest studies in Canada, populations have been on the increase again since the 1990s.


Picture Gallery
L'otarie de Steller
L'otarie de Steller
L'otarie de Steller
L'otarie de Steller
L'otarie de Californie
L'otarie de Californie
L'otarie de Steller
L'otarie de Steller
L'otarie de Californie
L'otarie de Californie
L'otarie de Californie
L'otarie de Californie
Un câlin d'otaries...
Un câlin d'otaries...
Otaries de Californie
Otaries de Californie
Otaries de Californie
Otaries de Californie

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